Hook Surname Meaning
and Hook Origin
Robert Ferguson in his book "English Surnames and their place in
the Teutonic Family" accredits the origin of the name Hook and similar names to
Hoce and Hoking, mythical personages of the Frisian people. These people lived
on the sea coast and islands adjacent to what is now Holland and Denmark and
were themselves a branch of that early Northman tribe that later conquered
England. The Hokings are mentioned in the bard's song "Hnaef Ruled the Hokings"
and in other poems, some by Beowulf.
Mr. Kemble, referring to these people in the Archaeological Journal, says that
Hoce is "a really mythical personage, the heros eponymus of the Frisian Tribe,
the founder of the Hocings and a progenitor of the imperial race of
Mark Anthony Lower in. his book entitled "English Surnames" associates the name
with the sea which has given such surnames as Turbett, Sprat, Hooker, Fisher,
Ling and Line.
One branch of the primitive family accompanied the Normans to France in the
ninth century. Other branches drifted inland and probably gave the Hoock family
to Holland, and the Hok, Hoak, Hoce and Hoke families to Germany and Saxony.
Descendants of all of these families have since found their way to America.
Shortly after William of Normandy conquered England, a sturdy Norman named
Eustace de la Hooke held land in knights fee near Kingsley. It is thought that
he was the ancestor of the Hooke family in England. His name is listed in
Domesday Book. The name as written clearly indicates its French character and
shows that it must have been in France for several generations before appearing
in England. Hook Manor, around which is woven a charming story of old feudal
times, still exists in the manner of a small village south of London.
The genealogical line is not clear for several centuries, but records indicate
that the family flourished and was identified with the great movements both
civic and military that were going on in England at the time.
In the 15th century-about 1450 Richard Hooke of County of Surrey was born who
later married the daughter of a family of Eton by the name of Payne. A son of
this union was Thomas Hooke of Dumfold who married Eden, the daughter of John
Alley of Surrey.
Ref.: Harleian Mms., N. Y. Public Library.
"Rural Life in Hampshire" by W. W. Capes. Other references as noted.