The Mather Lineage
The Mather family has included many brilliant men. (See
Lineage of Rev. Richard Mather, by Horace E. Mather, pp. 539, Hartford,
1890.) Dr. Increase Mather', son of Rev. Richard Mather, and his sons, Dr.
Cotton Mather and Rev. Nathaniel Mather (See A Colonial Boyhood, Atlantic
Monthly, Vol. 88 (1901), p. 651.), are so well known as to require no treatment
here. The English home of the family was in Lawton, Winwick Parish, Lancashire,
England, where it is of record that Thomas, the father, and John, the
grandfather, of the American ancestor resided. The family arms as preserved in
the family of the early 11lathers of Boston are described thus:
Arms: -Ermine on a fesse wavy Azure, three lions rampant, Or.
Crest: -A lion sedant, Or.
This coat of arms is found in MS.: "Promptuarium Armorum," and is there recorded
as the arms of William Mather of Salop, 1602. The motto is sometimes given "Sunt
Fortia Pectora Nobis," and sometimes "Virtus Vera Nobilitas Est."
Although the ancestor of the family settled at Dorchester, his grandsons removed
to Connecticut and founded the Windsor, Lyme, and Suffield branches of the
Mather family. All the Mathers now living are descended from Timothy Mather' of
Dorchester, the "Farmer Mather," the other lines having ended at the death of
Samuel Mather, the grandson of Dr. Cotton Mather. Many persons claim decent from
Dr. Cotton Mather, but they are in error, though some are descended from Mathers
who bore the name of Cotton.
Rev. Richard1, the American ancestor of the Mathers, was born in Lowton, Winwick
Parish, Lancashire, England, in 1596. He married (1) Catherine, daughter of
Edmund Holt of Bury, England, from whom this branch of the family is descended,
on Sept. 29, 1624. They came to America from Bristol, reaching Boston on Aug.
17, 1635, and settling at Dorchester. The wife Catherine, who bore all the
children of Rev. Richard Mather, died in 1655, and he married (2) the widow of
Rev. John Cotton. All his sons who came to mature age, five in number, were
ministers, with the exception of Timothy, the "Farmer." Timothy's brother,
Increase, was the president of Harvard College and a great man in the colony.
Richard' died April 22, 1669.
Timothy2, second son of Rev. Richard1 and Catherine, was born in Liverpool,
England, in 1628, and died in Dorchester, Mass., Jan. 14, 1684. He married (1)
Elizabeth, the daughter of Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton of Dorchester, who bore
all his children, five sons and one daughter. In March 1678-9, he married (2)
Elizabeth, daughter of Amiel Weeks.
Atherton3, youngest son of Timothy2 and Catherine, was born in Dorchester, Oct.
4, 1663, and died in Suffield, Conn., Nov. 9, 1734. He married (1) _____; (2)
Rebecca Stoughton, daughter of Thomas Stoughton on Sept. 20, 1694; and (3) Mary
Lamb of Roxbury, Mass. on October 24, 1705. He removed to Suffield in 1712 and
founded the Suffield branch of the Mather family. He represented the town of
Suffield in Boston for four years in the General Court. He was a cousin of Dr.
Cotton Mather. He had five sons and three daughters.
William4, oldest son of Atherton3 and Rebecca, was born in Windsor, Ct., March
2, 1698, and died in Suffield, Ct., in 1747. He married Silence Buttolph,
daughter of David Buttolph of Simsbury, Ct., on Nov. 7, 1721 and had six sons
and one daughter.
Timothy5, oldest son of William4 and Silence, was born in Greenwich, N. J., Aug.
4, 1722, and lived in Suffield, Ct. On Oct. 25, 1748, he married (1) Hannah
Fuller, who died April 7, 1757. By her, he had two sons and two daughters. On
March 6, 1760, he married widow Lucy Kellogg, by whom he had three sons.
Timothy6, second son (fourth child) of Timothy5 and
Hannah, was born in Suffield, Ct., March 2, 1757, and died March 8, 1818. In
1779, he married Hannah, daughter of Dea. John Church, who died in Oct. 1827. He
lived in Marlboro, Vt., and had six sons and four daughters.
Hannah7, second daughter (second child) of Timothy6 and Hannah, was born in
Marlboro, Vt., July 1, 1781. She lived at Leyden, N. Y., and died March 9, 1680.
On Jan. 1, 1799, she married Rev. Ruel Kimball, who died Oct. 1, 1847. They had
six sons and five daughters.
Continuation. - The Kimball Lineage